Exciting breakthroughs in digitisation, automation, blockchain and artificial intelligence are facilitating the creation of the first digital mines, a model that promises to be as significant as the secular move from underground to open cast mining for the industry. As well as reviewing the latest innovations in mining technology, we look at the practical challenges faced by mine managers in taking advantage of the latest industrial digital solutions, and explore why management teams have at times struggled to identify which technologies will positively impact on the overall productivity of their operations and to integrate their acquisitions into their existing digital infrastructure, while retaining a focus on the overall aim of creating sustainable intelligent mining systems.