The Geological Institute of Romania (I.G.R.) was established in 1906 by Royal Decree with the mission of becoming a National Geological Survey. Re-organized in 1996 and 2000 as a national research and development institute with attributions of National Geological Survey, it is presently under the Ministry of Research and Innovation. Its fields of activity include the elaboration of the national geological and geothematic maps, research in geology, geochemistry, geophysics and remote sensing, organization, management and exploitation of the national repository of geological data, conservation and exploitation of the national drill cores repository, collections of minerals, rocks and mine flowers, and environment monitoring in mining areas. I.G.R. has participated in a variety of national and international projects (FP7, Horizon2020, Era-Min) in the fields of mineral resources, ground water, geothermal energy, assessment and harmonisation of geological data (Inspire Directive), geological exploration and mining, mine waste management, land stability and land planning. Since 2006, I.G.R. has been a member of EuroGeoSurveys.